Collective violence and construction of peace culture in the Basque Countrytwo experiences of memory, recognition and forgiveness

  1. Nekane Basabe 1
  2. Miren Harizmendi 1
  3. José Joaquín Pizarro Carrasco 1
  4. Saioa Telletxea 1
  5. Pablo Castro-Abril 1
  6. Sonia Padoan 1
  1. 1 Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

    Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

    Lejona, España


Deusto journal of human rights = Revista Deusto de derechos humanos

ISSN: 2530-4275 2603-6002

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: Collective violence and peace culture: Research on social psychology of memory and social reconciliation

Issue: 8

Pages: 103-130

Type: Article


More publications in: Deusto journal of human rights = Revista Deusto de derechos humanos


Post-conflict societies must confront the past and build a culture of peace. Two interventions are presented here in the context of the Basque Country after the cessation of violence. The first, an intervention with the participation of victims of terrorism, where participants (N = 280 Mage = 19.83 SD = 1.29) were assigned to intervention and control groups. Results showed that participation in the programme produced more favourable attitudes towards intergroup forgiveness, intergroup empathy, and the mediating effect of self-transcending emotions. Second, the Citizenship Processes programme of memory and recognition (N = 31 Mage = 19.48 SD = 3.91). Results showed an increase in forgiveness, intergroup empathy and a change in outgroup emotions from before to after the intervention. The impact of both programmes was medium-high and the relevance of combining narratives that avoid competitive victimisation and promote peaceful intergroup attitudes is discussed.

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