Berrikuntza Pedagogikoa Hego Euskal HerrianEuskal Eskola Zerumugan (1918-1990)

Supervised by:
  1. Luis María Naya Garmendia Director
  2. Miren Gurutze Ezkurdia Arteaga Director

Defence university: Universidad del País Vasco - Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

Fecha de defensa: 10 February 2023

  1. Ciencias de la Educación

Type: Thesis

Teseo: 796034 DIALNET lock_openADDI editor


The main objective of the PhD thesis is to analyse the movemnets linked to the pedagogical renovation that took place in Hego Euskal Herria during the 20th century (1918-1990), to study the pedagogical work of various collectives that, in spite of making significant contributions to Basque education, have not been studied in depth so far. The aim is to understand the history of the pedagogical renovation in Hego Euskal Herria as a process, trying to analyse the relationships, connections, and influences existing among all the initiatives, to generate a panoramic view of the history of the pedagogical renovation throughout the 20th century. By means of a quilitative methodology, this research analyses the idiosyncrasy of the main pedagogical groups, the nature of their collevtive political subject, their genealogy, their objetives, the initiatives carried out, their contribution to the reinstatement of the Basque language in education, and finally, the pedagogical ideology of each movement. The results of this doctoral thesis show that the pedagogical demands made during the 20th century, which coincide completely with many of the current demands made by teachers and teaching unions, have not become obsolete, which leads us to consider the need to continue promoting studies that investigate the underlying causes of resistance to change in education. An in-depth knowledge of such resistance to change and the necessary resources and ways of implementing educational innovation would provide institutions and governments with more precise tools for designing much more effective educational innovations. Finally, the reconstruction of this strong commitment to education and the recovery of the Basque language shows us the long road travelled towards stablishing a Basque school and pedagogy, which, as the title of this doctoral thesis indicates, have always appeared to be on the horizon throughout the 20th century.