Leishmaniasis visceral, estudio de casos

  1. Momeñe-Rojas, Natalia-Ane 1
  2. Pereda-Barroeta, Javier 1
  3. Villamandos-Tellaeche, Edorta 1
  4. Franco-Vicario, Ricardo 1
  1. 1 Servicio Vasco de Salud-Osakidetza. Organización Sanitaria Integrada Bilbao – Basurto. Hospital Universitario Basurto. Servicio de Medicina Interna. Bilbao, España.
Gaceta médica de Bilbao: Revista oficial de la Academia de Ciencias Médicas de Bilbao. Información para profesionales sanitarios

ISSN: 0304-4858 2173-2302

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 120

Issue: 3

Pages: 138-142

Type: Article

More publications in: Gaceta médica de Bilbao: Revista oficial de la Academia de Ciencias Médicas de Bilbao. Información para profesionales sanitarios


Background and objective: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease endemic in tropical or subtropical areas, including the Mediterranean basin. Visceral Leishmaniasis or Kala Azar is the most serious form. In our area, the incidence is low due to the absence of vectors, but cases can be seen in relation to migration, generally in immunocompromised patients and children. The objective of this article is to review the cases of Visceral Leishmaniasis reported in two tertiary hospitals in Biscay in recent years in order to correlate them with the epidemiological situation.Results and conclusions: Most of the reported cases were HIV-positive patients, with a greater proportion being registered before the year 2000. It is notable that since the introduction of HAART in 1997 there has been a marked decrease in the number of cases. Despite this, it is important to suspect it when faced with clinical pictures compatible with relevant epidemiological history.

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