Impact of group music-making on social developmenta scoping review

  1. Alberto Cabedo-Mas
  2. Lidón Moliner-Miravet
  3. Emilia Campayo-Muñoz
  4. Roberto Macián-González
  5. Cristina Arriaga-Sanz
Journal for the Study of Education and Development, Infancia y Aprendizaje

ISSN: 0210-3702 1578-4126

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 46

Issue: 2

Pages: 352-384

Type: Article

More publications in: Journal for the Study of Education and Development, Infancia y Aprendizaje


The potential of music-making to foster an individual’s social development has been widely explored. The objective of this review is twofold: (1) to examine the characteristics of group music-making initiatives aimed at promoting social skills; and (2) to analyse the impact that group music-making initiatives have on people’s social development. Twenty studies were reviewed. The aspects analysed included education level, participants’ roles, par-ticipants’ academic or social backgrounds, family involvement and various organizational features such as number of participants, duration of the programme, number of sessions per week and session length. Regarding the research methods used, the review explored the studies’ research design, the variables analysed and the impact of the results. The results were generally positive: 79% of the qualitative studies revealed notable improvements in social skills. The average effect size for the quantitative studies ranged from large to very large. Despite these promising results, the effects of group music-making initiatives are variable. It is neces-sary to ensure proper implementation of the initiatives or ade-quate conditions to foster people’s social development.

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