A note on the complementizer -ela and the long-distance licensing of NPIs in Navarro-Labourdin Basque

  1. Xabier Artiagoitia Beaskoetxea
Traineru bete lagun: Iñaki Gaminde omenduz
  1. Aintzane Etxebarria Lejarreta
  2. Aitor Iglesias Chaves
  3. Hiart Legarra
  4. Asier Romero Andonegui

Publisher: Universidad del País Vasco = Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

ISBN: 978-84-9082-972-1

Year of publication: 2018

Pages: 121-135

Type: Book chapter


This article presents ample evidence from written texts to show that the Basque Navarro-Labourdin dialect, which lacks a contrast between the complementizers -ela and -enik in declarative sentences, uses the first one in exactly the same syntactic contexts as -enik is used in Central and Western Basque, that is to say, in the context of matrix questions and negation. Consequently, negative polarity items inside -ela complement clauses can be licensed from the upper clause; the lack of truth-value presupposition attributed to -enik sentences is also manifested with -ela clauses in this dialect.