Efecto del modelo de periodización del microciclo competitivo en la carga de entrenamiento de jóvenes futbolistas masculinos

  1. Sergi Morera Carbonell
  2. Ibon Etcheazarra
  3. Julen Castellano
  4. Angel Ric
Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación

ISSN: 1579-1726 1988-2041

Year of publication: 2023

Issue: 48

Pages: 1098-1104

Type: Article

More publications in: Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two periodization models, characterized from the typology of the performed tasks, on the load perceived by young football players. Nineteen U-19 players belonging to the academy of a professional club whose first team plays in LaLiga took part in this study. The Rated Perceived Exertion (RPE) and perception of recovery (Pain Assessment Tool or PAT) in training and competition sessions were recorded during six weeks (three weeks of each coach staff). Comparisons of standardized means were made using magnitude-based inferences and the effect size (Cohen’s d). The results showed that RPE values were higher with Coaching Staff 1 whose training sessions showed a particular management of the variables that configure the small-sided games, mainly number of players and pitch size, depending on the day of the week. The recovery values of training in the days prior to the match increased in Coaching Staff 2 with respect to the first one. These findings show that the periodization model, determined by the typology of training tasks and their distribution over the weekly training days, seems to have a particular impact on the perception of effort and fatigue related to training and competition.

Bibliographic References

  • Afonso, J., Bessa, C., Nikolaidis, P. T., Teoldo, I., & Clemente, F. (2020). A systematic review of research on Tactical Periodization: Absence of empirical data, burden of proof, and benefit of doubt. Human Movement, 21(4), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.5114/hm.2020.96408
  • Arrieta, P., Castellano, J., Guridi, I., & Echeazarra, I. (2017). Efectos de un programa basado en juegos reducidos sobre la condición física de jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. RICYDE: Revista Internacional de Ciencias Del Deporte, 13(50), 370–380. https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2017.05004
  • Breivik H., Borchgrevink P. C., Allen S. M., Rosseland L. A., Romundstad L., Hals E. K., Kvarstein G. & Stubhaug A. (2008). Assessment of pain. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 101(1), 17-24. https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/aen103
  • Canton, A., Torrents, C., Gonçalves, B., Ric, A., Salvioni, F., Exel, J. & et al. (2022). The diagonal positioning of the goals modifies the external training load and the tactical behaviour of young football players. Biology of Sport, 39(1), 135-144. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2021.102929
  • Canton, A., Torrents, C., Ric, A., Gonçalves, B., Sampaio, J., & Hristovski, R. (2019). Effects of temporary numerical imbalances on collective exploratory behavior of young and professional football players. Frontiers in psychology, 1968. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01968
  • Casamichana, D., & Castellano, J. (2010). Time–motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: Effects of pitch size. Journal of sports sciences, 28(14), 1615-1623. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521168
  • Casamichana Gómez, D., Castellano Paulis, J., González-Morán, A., García-Cueto, H., & García-López, J. (2011). Demanda fisiológica en juegos reducidos de fútbol con diferente orientación del espacio. RICYDE. Revista Internacional De Ciencias Del Deporte, 7(23), 141-154. https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2011.02306
  • Casamichana, D., San Román, J. S., Castellano, J., & Calleja, J. (2015). Influence of the type of marking and the number of players on physiological and physical demands during sided games in soccer. Journal of Human Kinetics, 47(1), 259–268. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0081
  • Castellano, J., & Casamichana, D. (2016). Mismos jugadores con diferentes entrenadores, ¿se puede jugar de manera diferente para optimizar el rendimiento en el fútbol profesional? SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 5(2), 133-140. https://doi.org/10.6018/264771
  • Castellano, J., Casamichana, D., & Dellal, A. (2013). Influence of game format and number of players on heart rate responses and physical demands in small-sided soccer games. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(5), 1295-1303. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318267a5d1
  • Castillo, D., Raya-González, J., Weston, M., & Yanci, J. (2021). Distribution of External Load During Acquisition Training Sessions and Match Play of a Professional Soccer Team. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 35(12), 3453-3458. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003363
  • Clemente, F.M., Martins, F., & Mendes, R.S. (2014). Periodization Based on Small-Sided Soccer Games: Theoretical Considerations. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36, 34–43. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000067
  • Foster, C., Florhaug, J. A., Franklin, J., Gottschall, L., Hrovatin, L. A., Parker, S., Doleshal, P., & Dodge, C. (2001). A new approach to monitoring exercise training. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 15(1), 109–115. PMID: 11708692
  • Gabbett, T., Nassis, G., Oetter, E., Pretorius, J., Johnston, N., Medina, D., & et al. (2017). The athlete monitoring cycle: a practical guide to interpreting and applying training monitoring data. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51:1451-1452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097298
  • Guridi, I., Castellano, J., & Echeazarra, I. (2021). Physical Demands and Internal Response in Football Sessions According to Tactical Periodization, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 16(6), 858–864. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0829
  • Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 41(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278
  • Malone, J. J., Di Michele, R., Morgans, R., Burgess, D., Morton, J. P., & Drust, B. (2015). Seasonal training-load quantification in elite English premier league soccer players. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 10(4), 489-497. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0352
  • Marqués, D., Sampaio, J. Calleja, J., & Echeazarra, I. (2022). How different are soccer training sessions based on small-sided games? A cluster analysis to explore perceived exertion and training load. Acta Gymnastica, 52(2). https://doi.org/10.5507/ag.2022.005
  • Martín-García, A., Gomez Diaz, A., Bradley, P., Morera, F., & Casamichana, D. (2018). Quantification of a Professional Football Team's External Load Using a Microcycle Structure. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 32(12), 3511-3518. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002816
  • Martín-García, A., Castellano, J., Diaz, A. G., Cos, F., & Casamichana, D. (2019). Positional demands for various-sided games with goalkeepers according to the most demanding passages of match play in football. Biology of sport, 36(2), 171–180. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2019.83507
  • Montull, L., Slapšinskaitė-Dackevičienė, A., Kiely, J., Hristovski, R., & Balagué, N. (2022). Integrative proposals of sports monitoring: Subjective outperforms objective monitoring. Sports medicine-open, 8(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-022-00432-z
  • Mujika, I., & Padilla, S. (2003). Scientific bases for precompetition tapering strategies. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 35(7), 1182–1187. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000074448.73931.11
  • Mujika, I., Halson, S., Burke, L. M., Balague, G., & Farrow, D. (2018). An integrate multifactorial approach to periodization for optimal performance in individual and team sports. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13(5), 538–561. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0093
  • Ometto, L., Vasconcellos, F. V., Cunha, F. A., Teoldo, I., Souza, C. R. B., Dutra, M. B., & Davids, K. (2018). How manipulating task constraints in small-sided and conditioned games shapes emergence of individual and collective tactical behaviours in football: A systematic review. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(6), 1200-1214. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118769183
  • Owen, A. L., Wong, d., Paul, D., & Dellal, A. (2012). Effects of a periodized small-sided game training intervention on physical performance in elite professional soccer. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 26(10), 2748–2754. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318242d2d1
  • Pol, R., Hristovski, R., Medina, D., & Balague, N. (2019). From microscopic to macroscopic sports injuries. Applying the complex dynamic systems approach to sports medicine: a narrative review. British journal of sports medicine, 53(19), 1214-1220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097395
  • Roca, A. & Ford, P. R. (2020). Decision-making practice during coaching sessions in elite youth football across European countries. Science and Medicine in Football, 4, 263-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2020.1755051
  • Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Hernández, D., Casamichana, D., Martínez-Salazar, C., Ramirez-Campillo, R., & Sampaio, J. (2017). Heart rate, technical performance, and session-RPE in elite youth soccer small-sided games played with wildcard players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2678–2685. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001736
  • Thorpe, R. T., Strudwick, A. J., Buchheit, M., Atkinson, G., Drust, B., & Gregson, W. (2016). Tracking morning fatigue status across in-season training weeks in elite soccer players. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 11(7), 947-952. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0490
  • Tibana, R. A., De Sousa, N. M. F., Cunha, G. V., Prestes, J., Fett, C., Gabbett, T. J., & Voltarelli, F. A. (2018). Validity of Session Rating Perceived Exertion Method for Quantifying Internal Training Load during High-Intensity Functional Training. Sports, 6(3),68. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6030068
  • Torres-Ronda, L., Gonçalves, B., Marcelino, R., Torrents, C., Vicente, E., & Sampaio, J. (2015). Heart rate, time-motion, and body impacts when changing the number of teammates and opponents in soccer small-sided games. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(10), 2723-2730. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000932
  • Wrigley, R., Drust, B., Stratton, G., Scott, M., & Gregson, W. (2012). Quantification of the typical weekly in-season training load in elite junior soccer players. Journal of sports sciences, 30(15), 1573-1580. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.709265