La inteligencia militar norteamericana y el uso ambivalente de la psicología desde una perspectiva históricael programa Handicraftas (1941) y el proyecto Mkultra (1953)

  1. Manuel Sánchez de Miguel
  2. Luis María Iturbide Luquin
  3. Izame Lizaso
Journal:
Revista de historia de la psicología

ISSN: 0211-0040

Year of publication: 2012

Volume: 33

Issue: 3

Pages: 37-48

Type: Article

More publications in: Revista de historia de la psicología

Abstract

From an historical perspective, the analysis of the Handcrafts (1941) and MKultra (1953) programs provides an interesting opportunity to understand, in light of new declassiBed documents, the ambivalent application of psychology during World War II and, subsequently, the Cold War. Te Handicrafts program (1941) was coordinated by the US War Department and was conceived as a therapeutic, vocational training and reinsertion initiative for American troops, representing what is known as «white psychology». For its part, the Ojce of Strategic Services (OSS) was the entity responsible for the program of applied psychological warfare studies, and its successor, the CIA, established the secret MKultra program (1953), which aimed to control and in{uence human behavior, representing what is known as «black psychology». Tis program contained aspects linked to brain physiology, Pavlovian conditioning and Freud and Jung’s psychoanalysis, among others

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