Psicopatología de los adolescentes residentes en hogares funcionales que precisan hospitalización psiquiátrica

  1. A. Fernández Rivas 1
  2. A. Gatón Moreno 2
  3. E. Sesma Pardo 1
  4. I. Kerexeta Lizeaga 1
  5. A. Díaz Cosgaya 1
  6. MA González Torres 1
  1. 1 Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital Universitario Basurto (Bilbao)
  2. 2 Red de Salud Mental de Vizcaya
Revista de Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil

ISSN: 2660-7271 1130-9512

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 32

Issue: 4

Pages: 202-208

Type: Article

More publications in: Revista de Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil


Introduction: adolescents living in Foster care show high risk of conduct disorder and drug use. Method: A sample comprised by all 431 adolescents (ages 12-17, 50,1% men) admitted at the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatient Unit of Hospital Universitario Basurto during a period of 68 months was collected. Reason for admission, psychiatric diagnosis, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, personal and family psychiatric history were studied comparing those adolescents who live in Foster care with those living with their families. Results: The most common reason for admission was behavioral problems (60.7% in those living in foster care and 33% in those living with their families), followed by psychotic symptoms (24.7%) for adolescents in foster care, and eating disorders (16.4%) for those living with their families (p <0.001). The most frequent psychiatric diagnosis at discharge was in both groups psychotic disorder (39.3%, 28.9%); and conduct disorder (37.1%) was more prevalent in adolescents in foster care (p <0.001). Those adolescents in Foster care smoke more frequently (59.6%) (p <0.001), and use cannabis (50.6%) (p <0.001), amphetamines (15.7%) (p <0.01), and cocaine (14.6 %) (p<0.05) also more frequently. They had had more previous psychiatric treatments (p <0.05) and more psychiatric disorders in their families (p <0.001). Conclusions: Adolescents in Foster Care who are admitted to inpatient psychiatric units are a group at a high risk of conduct disorder, tobacco, cannabis and drug use, and have more frequent history of psychiatric disorders in their families.

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