Clinical presentation of burning mouth syndrome in patients with oral lichenoid disease

  1. Javier Alberdi Navarro 1
  2. José Manuel Aguirre Urizar 2
  3. Eduardo Ginestal Gómez 3
  1. 1 Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Units. Dental Clinic Service, Department of Stomatology II, School of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country(UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain; Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders Unit. Dental Clinic Service, Department of Stomatology II, School of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain
  2. 2 Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Units. Dental Clinic Service, Department of Stomatology II, School of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country(UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain
  3. 3 Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders Unit. Dental Clinic Service, Department of Stomatology II, School of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain
Journal:
Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

ISSN: 1698-6946

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 25

Issue: 6

Pages: 2

Type: Article

DOI: 10.4317/MEDORAL.23812 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

Abstract

To analyze the presence of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) in a group of patients diagnosed with oral lichenoid disease (OLD). A retrospective study of 217 patients diagnosed with OLD; 158 (72,8%) women and 59 (27,2%) men, with an average age upon diagnosis of 56,4 years (SD 11,88). We carried out a detailed and complete characterization of symptoms, with special emphasis on BMS diagnostic data specified by the International Headache Society. Four patients (1.8%) presented with long-term clinical symptoms of burning mouth, indicative of BMS and they fulfilled the IHS 2018 criteria, except for criterion D, i.e.“Oral mucosa is of normal appearance”. The observed lichenoid mucosal lesions were not considered to be able to account for the reported intraoral pain in any of our patients. Thus neither diagnosis was considered to be exclusive. Patients diagnosed with OLD, and who simultaneously present clinical characteristics of BMS should be studied in detail, in order to evaluate the possibility of both diagnoses concurring.

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