Ingesta de psicofármacos: causa más frecuente de intoxicaciones pediátricas no intencionadas en España

  1. O. Zubiaur
  2. J. Salazar
  3. Santiago Mintegui Raso
  4. B. Azkunaga Santibáñeza
Journal:
Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría ( AEP )

ISSN: 1695-4033 1696-4608

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 83

Issue: 4

Pages: 244-247

Type: Article

More publications in: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría ( AEP )

Abstract

Introduction The aim of this article is to determine the most common substances involved in unintentional poisoning in children attending Pediatric Emergency Departments (PED) in Spain. Methods A descriptive study was conducted based on a prospective registry of the poisonings registered in the 57 PED participating in the Toxicology Surveillance System of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Emergencies between October 2008 and September 2013. Results A total of 639 poisoning were registered during the study period, 459 of them (71.8%) were unintentional. The most commonly involved substances were drugs (253, 55.1%) followed by household products (137, 29.8%). The drug groups most involved were psychotropic drugs (62, 24.5%), which included benzodiazepines (54), anti-catarrhal (41, 16.2%), and antipyretics (39, 15.4%). Conclusions The most common reason for consulting Spanish PEDs is the unintentional ingestion of psychotropic drugs, mainly benzodiazepines.