Valoración del riesgo de caries infantil en un servicio hospitalario de urgencias

  1. Crovetto Martínez, Rafael
  2. Ortuzar Otxoa, Leyre
  3. Martinez Rodriguez, Adelina
  4. Fernández Alonso, Julia
  5. Escobar-Martínez, Antonio
Journal:
Enfermería global: revista electrónica trimestral de enfermería

ISSN: 1695-6141

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 15

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-9

Type: Article

DOI: 10.6018/EGLOBAL.15.1.206841 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDIGITUM editor

More publications in: Enfermería global: revista electrónica trimestral de enfermería

Abstract

Dental caries is a destruction of the mineralized tissues of the tooth and is the most prevalent chronic disease of children.  Objective: Determine, by a nurse study, the prevalence of high risk of dental caries among children treated at a hospital emergency room. Methods: We applied an adaptation of the form CAT (caries-risk assessment tool) proposed by the American Society of Pediatric Dentistry, consisting of 14 items for children over 7 years and 13 items for children under that age. The test has been applied considering the resorption time of the deciduous teeth in relation to the child's age studied. Results: The form has been completed in 101 children. 72.7% of children under 7 years old and 89.1% of those aged 7 years have one or more high risk factors for childhood caries. We found differences in the results, depending on the origin or ethnicity of the children studied. Conclusions: We determined the prevalence of risk for childhood caries. The Spanish nurses can and should play an active role in promoting children's oral health, actively applying their knowledge

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