Movimiento popular y escuela en el franquismolas ikastolas en Gipuzkoa

  1. ZABALETA, Iñaki 1
  2. GARMENDIA, Joxe 1
  3. MURUA CARTÓN, Hilario 1
  1. 1 Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

    Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

    Lejona, España


Historia de la educación: Revista interuniversitaria

ISSN: 2386-3846 0212-0267

Year of publication: 2015

Issue Title: Universidad: sentidos, transformaciones y desafíos

Issue: 34

Pages: 305-336

Type: Article

DOI: 10.14201/HEDU201534305336 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Historia de la educación: Revista interuniversitaria


The ways of struggle and resistance against the Franco regime presentan enormous variability and the motivations which activate them (political,social, cultural…) are characterized by their great heterogeneity. The educational area receives a special significance in Euskal Herria, from the perspective of the Basque culture and the Basque language, with all its derivations, included the national identity. In this sense, the central hypothesis of our contribution is that the emergence and later development of the movement of the ‘ikastolas’ of the sixties and seventies must be placed in a wide context of popular fight. This transcends the school area in order to penetrate and activate the whole Basque social fabric, where multiple reactive strategies and alternatives the educational pro-Franco model will spread out. For all this, we will have to provide a context for the phenomenon taking into account the social, economic, political and educational reality of the period. We will also count on the existing documentation in several Archives and the direct testimony of some of the main protagonists of the popular movement.